This is a topic that I’ve noticed has come up a lot more recently within Christian circles and is something that is seen as controversial within American protestant Christianity. I’ve been asked a lot of questions so I’m going to do a quick rundown of the different positions. I’ll try to avoid misrepresenting other viewpoints as well as avoiding advanced-level science, please point out any failures on my part to do so.
Theory- This is a word that has an entirely different meaning in science than it does in common usage. When most people hear ‘theory’ they think ‘hunch’ or even ‘guess.’ But in science a theory means thesis, a framework of related facts and testable observations. For example, the theory of gravity has changed in numerous small ways since Newton’s original hypothesis but the theory remains. And it will remain a theory until it is superseded or disproven.